History & Culture

Rebuilding the symbol of liquor store 「Sakabayashi」  再現された酒屋のシンボル酒林(さかばやし)  

黒石市にある旧佐藤酒造は、2008年に閉鎖され、現在はNPO「旧酒蔵の歴史的伝統的建造物の保存と利用」(初駒保存会、庄司義雄会長)が管理運営している。今月27日、軒先に飾られている酒屋のシンボル「酒林(さかばやし)(杉玉)」が約12年ぶりに新しく作られた。

 The former Sato Sake Brewery in Kuroishi City was closed in 2008 and is now managed by the NPO “Preservation and Use of Historic Traditional Buildings of the Old Sake Brewery” (Hatsukoma Preservation Society, Chairman Shouji Yoshio). On the 27th of this month, the symbol of the brewery “Sakabayashi” on the eaves was newly created for the first time after 12 years.

酒林(さかばやし)とは、スギの葉(穂先)を集めてボール状にした造形物。杉玉(すぎたま、すぎだま)とも呼ばれる。杉を使うのは、酒の神ともされる奈良県の大神(おおみわ)神社が杉を神木とすることにちなむといわれている。 日本酒の造り酒屋などの軒先に緑の杉玉を吊すことで、新酒が出来たことを知らせる役割を果たしてきた。

酒林の緑が茶色に変わるころが、お酒の飲み頃と言われていたそう。

 Sakabayashi is a shaped object made by collected cedar leaves tips into a ball shape.
Also called cedar ball. The use of cedar is said to be due to the fact that Omiwa Shrine in Nara Prefecture, which is said to be the god of sake and as a sacred tree. By suspending green cedar balls at eaves such as sake breweries, had become an indication that new sake has been made.

It is said that the time when the green leaves turns brown serve as a time to drink sake.

今回、酒林(さかばやし)(杉玉)づくりには、NPOの呼びかけに応じ地元の人や高校生のボランティアも参加した。骨組みの網目状の芯に杉の枝を刺し、球体を作っていった。

This time, volunteers from local people and high school students also participated in making Sakabayashi (Sugidama) at the request of the NPO corporation. A sphere is made by piercing a cedar branch into a skeleton mesh core.

仕上げを担当した地元高橋造園の高橋 暎憙(えいき)さんは、「昔は、酒林(さかばやし)(杉玉)づくりは、その酒屋の杜氏さん達が新酒を作り終えて、暇になって作ったものだそうだ。酒林(さかばやし)(杉玉)の中に、お酒を仕込んでおいて、みんなに振舞ったと聞いている。
今回作った酒林(さかばやし)(杉玉)は徳利(とっくり)型というか、棗(なつめ)型だね。2~3年前に作った酒屋さんの酒林(さかばやし)(杉玉)は、丸形だったよ」という。

Mr. Eiki Takahashi from the local Takahashi landscaping, who was in charge of finishing, said, “In the past, Sakabayashi (Sugidama) was made by the brewers who had finished making new sake and I heard that everybody was served the sake that was prepared in Sakabayashi (Sugidama) .
Sakabayashi (Sugidama) that made this time is called a Tokutori type or a Natsume type. A “Sakebayashi (Sugidama) made by a liquor store 2 to 3 years ago was round in shape.”

Tokutori: A type of container with a narrow neck and a bulging bottom. Nowadays it is mainly used for pouring sake.

Natsume: A type of tea utensil used to put matcha tea.

縦横1m前後、総重量250kgほどになった酒林(さかばやし)(杉玉)は、重機で運ばれ、無事軒先に吊るされた。昔は、新酒が作られる度、新しく作ったという酒林(さかばやし)(杉玉)。コストの面からも、人員の面からも難しくなった。

Sakabayashi (Sugidama), which is about 1 meter in length and width and has a total weight of 250 kg, was carried by heavy machinery and hung on the eaves safely.
In the old days, whenever a new sake production is done, a new Sakabayashi (Sugidama) will be made as well.
However, it is difficult now because of the high production cost and the small number of people available to work.

青々とした酒林(さかばやし)(杉玉)は、酒屋に命を吹きこむよう。生気あふれるシンボルに昔の蔵人の喜びが伝わってくる。
The lush sakabayashi (Sugidama) seems to bring life to the liquor store. The vibrant symbol conveys the joy of the old brewer.

 

 

 

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